Wednesday, November 27, 2019
A New Use For The Prefix Cis- A New Use For The Prefix Cis- A New Use For The Prefix Cis- By Maeve Maddox Writing about gendered pronouns recently, I mentioned that Ã¢â¬Å"cis femaleÃ¢â¬ is a gender choice on Facebook. The prefix cis- derives from a Latin preposition meaning Ã¢â¬Å"on this side of.Ã¢â¬ Cisalpine Gaul, for example, was the part of Gaul located on the Italian side of the Alps. The part on the far side of the Alps was Transalpine Gaul. More familiar prefixes derived from Latin prepositions are trans, Ã¢â¬Å"across, on the other sideÃ¢â¬ and circum, Ã¢â¬Å"around.Ã¢â¬ One of their uses is to indicate location, as in this example: Armitage boldly observes, We are all Atlanticists now. Then, he defines three approaches to Atlantic history, which he calls Cis-Atlantic, Trans-Atlantic, and Circum-Atlantic. Circum-Atlantic history is the history of the people who crossed the Atlantic, who lived on its shores and who participated in the communities it made possible.- Review of The British Atlantic World, 1500-1800. Chemists use cis- as a prefix and as a free-standing adjective to designate Ã¢â¬Å"a compound in which two atoms or groups are situated on the same side of some plane of symmetry passing through the compound.Ã¢â¬ Here are some gender-related terms that are beginning to appear in the media: cisgender cissexual cis man cis woman cissexism cissexual assumption Here are examples of their usage: Ã¢â¬Å"Cissexual assumptionÃ¢â¬ Ã is a phrase coined by Julia Serano for her claim thatÃ cissexualÃ people assume that all people experienceÃ gender identityÃ in the same way. It seems that some of this trans woman hatred from cisgender womenÃ is based on a fear that perhaps they are taking something from us. IÃ¢â¬â¢m a Cis Girl in Love with a Trans Guy. Cis writers in every media form are jumping on the transÃ storyÃ train. Cis- is the logical choice of prefix to denote Ã¢â¬Å"assigned at birthÃ¢â¬ in contrast with transgender, Ã¢â¬Å"not conforming to birth gender.Ã¢â¬ Unfortunately, with all such labels, the danger exists that cis may become an abusive epithet. The other evening, I heard the term Ã¢â¬Å"cis maleÃ¢â¬ used in an episode of Blue Bloods. The character, a college girl, referred to another character as Ã¢â¬Å"a cis male.Ã¢â¬ Her facial expression and tone of voice made it clear that she was not using the term as a neutral designation. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Spelling category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:How to Punctuate References to Dates and TimesOn Behalf Of vs. In Behalf OfAdvance vs. Advanced
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Dissociate Identity Disorder Driving for miles in a trance like state of mind, not really remembering driving is called Ã¢â¬Å"Highway HypnosisÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"Highway HypnosisÃ¢â¬ happens to almost everyone, this is a normal form of disassociation. Disassociation is a mental process, which produces a lack of connection in a personÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts, memories, feelings, and actions. (Sidran.org) A more severe form of disassociation is Dissociate Identity Disorder or formally called Multiple Personality Disorder. DID is a psychiatric disorder characterized by having at least one Ã¢â¬Å"alterÃ¢â¬ personality. (Skepdic.com) Psychiatrists have argued for years if DID actually exists. The famous case of Ã¢â¬Å"SybilÃ¢â¬ leads some psychiatrists to be skeptic about the disorder. Ã¢â¬Å"Sybil was said to have six-teen personalities. (Newsweek) Cases have been reported of patients having over one-hundred personalities. This paper will present cases of patients diagnosed with DID and information about the disorder to argue that Disassociation Identity Disorder does truly exist. DID is said to be an adaptive reaction to experiences of extreme trauma. When a child is faced with a traumatic experience the child may react by Ã¢â¬Å"going awayÃ¢â¬ in their minds so they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to deal with the horrific situation. If the child decides to take this route of dealing with the trauma and pain their thoughts, feelings, memories, and perceptions of the experiences can be separated off psychologically. (Sidran.org) DID is considered a creative survival technique that allows the child to escape and not feel the pain as they are being harmed. After the childÃ¢â¬â¢s traumatic experience they could have no recollection of the event what so ever but they may discover that something horrific has happened to them many years later as they start to dissociate more often. If disassociation is used repeatedly for a long p... Free Essays on Dissociate Identity Disorder Free Essays on Dissociate Identity Disorder Dissociate Identity Disorder Driving for miles in a trance like state of mind, not really remembering driving is called Ã¢â¬Å"Highway HypnosisÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"Highway HypnosisÃ¢â¬ happens to almost everyone, this is a normal form of disassociation. Disassociation is a mental process, which produces a lack of connection in a personÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts, memories, feelings, and actions. (Sidran.org) A more severe form of disassociation is Dissociate Identity Disorder or formally called Multiple Personality Disorder. DID is a psychiatric disorder characterized by having at least one Ã¢â¬Å"alterÃ¢â¬ personality. (Skepdic.com) Psychiatrists have argued for years if DID actually exists. The famous case of Ã¢â¬Å"SybilÃ¢â¬ leads some psychiatrists to be skeptic about the disorder. Ã¢â¬Å"Sybil was said to have six-teen personalities. (Newsweek) Cases have been reported of patients having over one-hundred personalities. This paper will present cases of patients diagnosed with DID and information about the disorder to argue that Disassociation Identity Disorder does truly exist. DID is said to be an adaptive reaction to experiences of extreme trauma. When a child is faced with a traumatic experience the child may react by Ã¢â¬Å"going awayÃ¢â¬ in their minds so they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to deal with the horrific situation. If the child decides to take this route of dealing with the trauma and pain their thoughts, feelings, memories, and perceptions of the experiences can be separated off psychologically. (Sidran.org) DID is considered a creative survival technique that allows the child to escape and not feel the pain as they are being harmed. After the childÃ¢â¬â¢s traumatic experience they could have no recollection of the event what so ever but they may discover that something horrific has happened to them many years later as they start to dissociate more often. If disassociation is used repeatedly for a long p...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Mao Zedong - Essay Example The fall of the dynasty rule thus resulted in the communist rule in the country (Stanlaw, P. 44). The Chinese Communist Party was a political party and revolutionary movement that was founded in 1921 as a way of unifying the people of China under one purpose and rule. In the October 1949, Mao Zedong being the leader of the communist party declared the creation of the peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s republic of china, leading to unification of all warring groups in China and uniting the people towards a common purpose following the devastation that the Chinese people had suffered following the Second World War. The period following consolidation of power by the communist party of China thus saw the country enjoying steady strides in economic and social development. Despite the brilliant and intellectual goals that Mao Zedong had for the people of China, his, which began as a liberation movement developed of more restrictive policies, the rule of the communist party became a compare to another of the dynasty rule in the country that perpetrated subjugation and human suffering. The land reform that was adopted by the communist rule in cooperated the confiscation of the land from the rich landlords who in most cases were executed by the local tribunes, these lands were thus briefly passed down to peasants some of who did not have idea about proper management of the land. Land reform adopted by the communist party is one area where the communist rule under Mao could be a compare to the dynasty rule that imposed restrictive land tenure systems (Nathan, P 63). In an attempt to consolidate his communist rule, Mao had ambitious development plans that critics term for being some of the key failures of the communist party. In an attempt to speed up economic growth, Mao based his policies on industrial development and civilization of the agricultural sector. The great leap forward policy adopted by the party called for the
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Forming Strategic Alliances with Foreign Companies - Research Paper Example The domestic company involved does such things because they have the perceptions that entering the world market will increase their sale, it will supplement the capital it needs and that it will fasten the process of adaptation to the environment of the market. The above factors cause a domestic company to respond to its situation by establishing joint ventures that will enhance their business operations in the international markets. Many advantages drive domestic companies to forge strategic alliances that will help them to exploit both the domestic and international markets. Domestic companies perceive a situation in which strategic alliances enhances the entry into the international market. This perception is because the company spends less amount of money to transport products and services as well as to enhance customers to the market. In having a company that is exposed to the international market environment, a domestic company is able to establish customers using those of its partner in the strategic alliance. These customers ensure that the domestic company has footage in the international market and therefore, it increases the changes of increasing its sales (Heidtmann, 2011). Domestic companies forge strategic alliances in order to exploit international market because there is a shared risk in the investment. Sharing of risks in a business venture ensures that one company does not lose it all to the venture that it has entered and therefore, it is able to sustain its operation in the market for a long time. In many instances, the companies that forge strategic alliances invest a lot of money to establish business operation in the international market through advertisement, transports of products and human... Forming Strategic Alliances with Foreign Companies This challenge means that these local companies focus on the alternatives they have so that they can establish their businesses at the world level. In many cases, local companies forge strategic alliances with foreign companies that are already established in the international business so that they can present their products in the global market with ease (Henry, 2008). These local companies have perceptions that the venture into which they enter are beneficial and they will facilitate the individual company to make higher sales than they did with local markets. However, there are many risks that are associated with strategic alliances that companies that forge them need to understand and learn the ways to manage them so that they will not fail in business (Oxley, 2013). An analysis of strategic alliances will exposes the factors that drive domestic companies to desire to forge them as well as show the risks and disadvantages associated with these ventures that may cause the partners to fail. Richter and Pahl (2009) observe that in forging strategic alliances, there are things that drive domestic companies to want to come into partnership. There are numerous perceived incentives that drive partners in strategic alliances to come into a joint venture. However, although there are possible benefits in entering the world market as an alliance; partners need to establish their business operations with a focus on the potential risks that need to be controlled to reduce the probability of failure.
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Using a Large Number of Ratios to Perform a Complete Ratio Analysis of a Firm - Essay Example It is of great significance that the ratios must be benchmarked against a standard in order for them to possess a meaning. Keeping that into account, the comparison is usually conducted between companies portraying same business and financial risks, between industries and between different time periods of the same company. Profitability Ratios Gross profit margin is an analyzing tool which assists in identifying how effectively and efficiently the company is utilizing its raw materials , variable cost related to labor and fixed costs such as rent and depreciation of property plant and equipment. The ratio is calculated by dividing the sales revenue by the gross profit. Net profit margin, on the other hand analyzes the profitability of the company before deducting the taxation and finance charges from the earnings. The ratio is calculated by dividing the profit before interest and tax with the sales revenue of the current financial period. The ratio highlights how well the company is managing its selling and administrative expenses it also highlights the other income generated by the company during the course of its operations. Return on capital employed (ROCE) is, according to the analyst, is considered to be the most significant ratio. in order to evaluate a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s performance from an investorÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view. ROCE measures a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to earn a return on all of the capital that is being employed by the company . The ratio is calculated as net income upon total capital employed, which is the sum of debt and equity financings. Earnings per share (EPS) are considered one of the most important financial ratios from the investorÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view. The ratio highlights the average earnings from the shares transacted and is calculated by dividing the profit attributable to the common share holders and multiplying them with the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. The liquidity ratio measures the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to pay its short term liabilities. The ratio illustrates that how quickly a company can convert its assets into cash and cash equivalent in order to pay off its short term liabilities . The most commonly used liquidity ratio, the current ratio, which is calculated by comparing the current assets and current liabilities. The strengthened the current ratio the more ability the company has to pay its debts and short term obligations over the next 12 months. An overall analysis of the ratio would portray that in all the years the company had enough assets to pay off its obligations and debts. The acid test, which is also regarded as the quick ratio, is calculated by subtracting the inventory balance from the total current assert balance. . Out of the current assets mentioned, inventories are regarded as the one which takes comparatively more time to be converted into cash or cash equivalent. Receivable turnover represents how quickly the cash is received from the debtors. The ratio is calculated by dividing the revenue generated from the sales by the receivable balance as mentioned in the balance sheet of t he company. The formula calculates the number of times the debtors are turned over during a year. The higher the value the more efficient the management is or it could also mean that the debts are more liquid. Inventory turnover represents how quickly a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s inventory is sold, which can be calculated by div
Friday, November 15, 2019
Protein Requirements and Nutrition AYUSH SAXENA Proteins in nutrition For every physical activity, the body requires energy and the amount depends on the duration and type of activity. Energy is measured in Calories and is obtained from the body stores or the food we eat. Glycogen is the main source of fuel used by the muscles to enable you to undertake both aerobic and anaerobic exercise. If you train with low glycogen stores, you will feel constantly tired, training performance will be lower and you will be more prone to injury and illness. Nutrient Balance Carefully planned nutrition must provide an energy balance and a nutrient balance. The nutrients are: Proteins essential to growth and repair of muscle and other body tissues Fats one source of energy and important in relation to fat soluble vitamins Carbohydrates our main source of energy Minerals those inorganic elements occurring in the body and which are critical to its normal functions Vitamins water and fat solubleÃ vitaminsÃ play important roles in many chemical processes in the body Water essential to normal body function as a vehicle for carrying other nutrients and because 60% of the human body is water Roughage the fibrous indigestible portion of our diet essential to health of theÃ digestive system One gram of protein or carbohydrate contains 4 calories, while one gram of fat has 9 calories. Protein Quality: Nutritive Value The quality of protein depends on the level at which it provides the nutritional amounts of essential amino acids needed for overall body health, maintenance, and growth. Animal proteins, such as eggs, cheese, milk, meat, and fish, are consideredhigh-quality,orcomplete, proteinsbecause they provide sufficient amounts of the essential amino acids. Plant proteins, such as grain, corn, nuts, vegetables and fruits, arelower-quality,orincomplete, proteinsbecause many plant proteins lack one or more of the essential amino acids, or because they lack a proper balance of amino acids. Incomplete proteins can, however, be combined to provide all the essential amino acids, though combinations of incomplete proteins must be consumed at the same time, or within a short period of time (within four hours), to obtain the maximum nutritive value from the amino acids. Such combination diets generally yield a high-quality protein meal, providing sufficient amounts and proper balance of the essential am ino acids needed by the body to function. The function of proteins In virtually every biological process proteins are playing a role. Some of the main functions of proteins in the human body are to: Build, strengthen and repair/replace things, such as tissue. Examples include keratin (strengthens protective coverings, such as hair), collagen and elastin (both provide support for connective tissue). Make antibodies for our immune system Make hormones, which help cells send messages and coordinate bodily activities Muscle contractions actin and myosin, two types of proteins, are involved in muscle contraction and movement. Make enzymes. An enzyme facilitates a biochemical reaction. Carry things hemoglobin, a protein, transports oxygen through the blood. Mediate cell response rhodopsin is a protein in the eye which is used for vision Store things ferritin is a protein which stores iron in the liver Recent developments on protein function. High protein diets may help promote weight loss.Ã The International Food Council Foundation found that a high percentage of women who eat more protein do not only avoid weight gain, but also report weight loss. A high protein diet may be good for bone health.Ã An investigation published in theJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, revealed that a calorie controlled diet lower in carbohydrates and higher in protein along with daily exercise has a significantly positive impact on bone health in overweight individuals as well as obese young women. Energy provision. Protein is not a significant source of energy for the body when there are sufficient amounts ofÃ carbohydratesÃ and fats available, nor is protein a storable energy, as in the case of fats and carbohydrates. However, if insufficient amounts of carbohydrates and fats are ingested, protein is used for energy needs of the body. The use of protein for energy is not necessarily economical for the body, because tissue maintenance, growth, and repair are compromised to meet energy needs. If taken in excess, protein can be converted into body fat. Protein yields as much usable energy as carbohydrates, which is 4 kcal/gm (kilocalories per gram). Although not the main source of usable energy, protein provides the essential amino acids that are needed for adenine, the nitrogenous base of ATP, as well as other nitrogenous substances, such as creatine phosphate (nitrogen is an essential element for important compounds in the body). Dietary requirements of protein Nobody seems to agree on how much protein we can eat; experts from industry, government agencies, diet companies and nutritional organizations have a varying list of assertions. An individuals daily protein requirement depends on several factors, including: Age a growing childs needs will not be the same as an individual aged 80 years Sex males generally require more protein than (non-pregnant or non-breastfeeding) females Weight an individual who weighs 200lbs will require more protein compared to somebody who weighs 120lbs. In fact, recent studies indicate that weight matters more than age when determining dietary protein requirements. Muscular exertion an individual who earns his living delivering pianos will require more protein than a computer programmer of the same age and height Muscle mass a muscle-bound weight trainer will need more dietary protein than a marathon runner Health a person who is convalescing after an illness or medical procedure may need more dietary protein than other people Protein Requirement and Nutrition The recommended protein intake for an average adult is generally based on body size: 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight is the generally recommended daily intake. The recommended daily allowances of protein do not vary in times of strenuous activities or exercise, or with progressing age. However, there is a wide range of protein intake which people can consume according to their period of development. For example, the recommended allowance for an infant up to six months of age, who is undergoing a period of rapid tissue growth, is 2.2 grams per kilogram. For children ages seven through ten, the recommended daily allowance is around 36 total grams, depending on body weight. Pregnant women need to consume an additional 30 grams of protein above the average adult intake for the nourishment of the developing fetus. Percentage of energy that should come from protein: Infants (7 12 mo) 11 grams per day Infants (0 6 mo) 9.1 grams per day Teenage boys (14 18 y) 52 grams per day Teenage girls (14 18 y) up to 46 grams per day Adult men approximately 56 grams per day Adult women approximately 46 grams per day Pregnant or lactating (breastfeeding) women about 71 grams per day According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention protein intake should be: Children ages 1 to 3 13 grams per day Children ages 4 to 8 19 grams per day Children ages 9 to 13 34 grams per day Girls ages 14 to 18 46 grams per day Boys ages 14 to 18 52 grams per day Women ages 19 to 70+ 46 grams per day Men ages 19 to 70+ 56 grams per day Protein deficiency In some developing countries protein deficiency is a major cause of illness and premature death. Protein deficiency can lead to mental retardation and reduced IQ, In most parts of the world where protein deficiency is common, total food energy consumption is also too low i.e. people are not getting enough food in general. Protein deficiency can lead to: Growth problems Wasting and shrinkage of muscle tissue Apathy Diarrhea Fatty liver Swollen belly Swollen legs Anemia Weaker immune system, leading to a higher susceptibility to infections and diseases In several countries where protein deficiency is a serious problem, the leaves and other parts of the Moringa tree can help provide dietary protein. In developed countries, especially Western Europe where the dietary requirements of poorer people are very carefully monitored and resolved, protein deficiency is quite rare. In developed nations, protein deficiency is more likely to occur among people on crash diets, or among very elderly individuals who do not eat properly. Sources of dietary protein Poultry Fish and fish eggs Insects Dairy products Seeds and nuts Soya products Eggs Grains, vegetables and legumes also have protein (less per kilo of total weight) Meat Amino acids Proteins are large molecules made up of long chains of amino acids. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. The biochemical activity of proteins is characterised by their individual structure, size and shape. These factors are determined by the sequence and characteristics of the constituent amino acids. There are about 20 different amino acids commonly found in plant and animal proteins. For adults, 8 of these, have to be provided in the diet and are therefore defined as Ã¢â¬ËessentialÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËindispensableÃ¢â¬â¢ amino acids. These are: Leucine Isoleucine Valine Threonine Methionine Phenylalanine Tryptophan Lysine. In children, arginine, histidine, cysteine, glycine, tyrosine, glutamine and proline are also considered to be essential (indispensable) amino acids, because children are unable to make enough to meet their needs. These are referred to as Ã¢â¬ËconditionallyÃ¢â¬â¢ essential. There may also be certain disease states during adult life when a particular amino acid becomes conditionally essential. The other amino acids do not have to be provided by the diet. This is because the amino group of these amino acids can be transferred to another amino acid with a different amino group by a process called transamination. In this way the body is able to make some amino acids itself. These are known as Ã¢â¬Ënon-essentialÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËdispensableÃ¢â¬â¢ amino acids. How much protein should we eat? The Dietary Reference Values for protein are based on estimates of need. For adults, an average requirement of 0.6g of protein per kilogram bodyweight per day is estimated. The Reference Nutrient Intake (RNI) is set at 0.75g of protein per kilogram bodyweight per day in adults. This equates to approximately 56g/day and 45g/day for men and women aged 19-50 years respectively. There is an extra requirement for growth in infants and children and for pregnant and breast feeding women. Any excess protein can be used to provide energy. 1g of protein provides 17kJ (4 kcal) but carbohydrate, and to a lesser extent fat, should be the main sources of dietary energy. At present, protein provides around 16% of energy on average in the British diet. The nature of protein in the diet Most foods contain either animal or plant cells and will therefore naturally contain protein. But the processing of foods may change the amounts and relative proportions of some amino acids; for example the Maillard reaction and the associated browning that occurs when foods are baked reduces the available lysine. The quality of the protein is also important and depends on the amino acids that are present. Proteins from animal sources have a higher biological value than proteins from plant sources. This is because the pattern of amino acids in animal cells is comparable to the pattern in human cells. Plant foods may have very different patterns of amino acids compared to animal proteins, and, in the past, this difference has lead to a concept of first-class and second-class proteins, for animal and plant foods respectively. However, diets are typically varied in the UK and rarely made up of single foods. A combination of plant proteins tends to have a complementary effect boosting th eir overall biological value. Complementary action of proteins (plant protein) In most diets, different proteins tend to complement each other in their amino acid pattern, so when two foods providing vegetable protein are eaten at a meal, such as a cereal (e.g. bread) andpulses (e.g. baked beans), the amino acids of one protein may compensate for the limitations of the other, resulting in a combination of higher biological value. This is known as the complementary action of proteins. Thus if vegetarians and vegans eat a variety of vegetable proteins in combination, there is no reason why the quality of protein cannot be as good as in a diet comprising meat, milk, fish, eggs or other foods that contain animal protein. Good sources of plant protein include nuts, seeds, pulses, mycoprotein and soya products. There are also small amounts in grains. Animal protein Protein from animal sources contains the full range of essential amino acids required from an adultÃ¢â¬â¢s diet. Sources include meat, fish, eggs, milk and cheese. For most of us, low fat options of these foods are preferable as some can be high in saturated fat. Good sources of protein Table 1: Protein content of some common foods found in the diet Adults and children should consume two to three servings of protein every day. If plant sources dominate, it is important to make sure that different types are consumed. One typical portion size equates to: Ã¢â¬ ¢ 100g of lean boneless meat (red and poultry) Ã¢â¬ ¢ 140g of fish Ã¢â¬ ¢ 2 medium eggs Ã¢â¬ ¢ 3 tablespoons of seeds or nuts. It is important to choose lower fat protein-rich foods, such as lean meats or reduced fat dairy productsas some high protein foods can also be high in saturated fat. This will help minimise the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Summary and recommendations For basic protein synthesis, you donÃ¢â¬â¢t need to consume more than 1.4 to 2.0 g/kg (around 0.64-0.9 g/lb) of protein per day. Nevertheless, consuming higher levels of protein (upwards of 1g per pound of body weight) may help you feel satisfied after eating as well as maintain a healthy body composition and good immune function. You should consume some protein before and after training to ensure adequate recovery. Do not eat more than four eggs per week. Although they are a good source of protein and are low in saturated fat, eggs are very high in cholesterol.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Ray Charles Robinson Ray Charles Robinson, more commonly known as Ray Charles (to avoid confusion with boxer Sugar Ray Robinson), was born in the southern city of Albany, GA on September 23, 1930. He was a prolific, multi-talented singer, pianist, bandleader, and composer who, when on stage captivated his audience not only by his musical ability, but also because he was a blind, African American man. He was given the nickname Ã¢â¬Å"the GeniusÃ¢â¬ for his capability of combining the music of gospel, jazz, pop, country and rhythm and blues (R&B), known as Ã¢â¬Å"soul music.Ã¢â¬ Charles began going blind at around age five, and had completely lost all eye sight by age seven. The cause of his blindness was never confirmed, but most believe it was due to glaucoma. By then, his family had moved to Greenville, FL, and Charles had already begun playing the piano. CharlesÃ¢â¬â¢ mother never took pity on him, she began teaching him things even before he became completely blind. He never saw his being blind as a weakness, and that helped him out tremendously as a child and into adulthood. He soon began attending the St. Augustine School for the Deaf and Blind, as a charity student, where he perfected his piano skills while learning how to play various other instruments. He also learned how to read and write music, type, and compose scores in Braille. Both of Charles parents were dead by the time he was fourteen, and at age fifteen he was orphaned and left St. Augustine to begin his professional music career. For almost two years, he played for local bands in Florida, but then he headed to Seattle, WA which has been said to be the turning point in CharlesÃ¢â¬â¢ personal and professional career. During the ear... ...lobe Award nominations. Works Cited "Charles, Ray." Encyclopedia Britannica. 2005. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 22 Jan. 2005 < http://search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9022591&query=RAY%20CHARLES&ct= >. "Charles, Ray." Encyclopedia Britannica. 2005. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 22 Jan. 2005 < http://search.eb.com/ebi/article?tocId=9310645&query=RAY%20CHARLES&ct= >. Ray Charles: The Official Site. Comp. Chad Hanson, Ira Merrill, and Raenee Robinson. Mar. 2001. RCR Production, Inc. 22 Jan. 2005 < http://www.raycharles.com/ >. "Ray Charles." Ed. Larry Sanger, and Jimmy Wales. Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 15 Jan. 2001. Wikipedia Online. 22 Jan. 2005 < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray_Charles >. The History of Rock 'n' Roll. Comp. D K. Peneny. Mar. 1998. 22 Jan. 2005 < http://www.history-of-rock.com/ray_charles.htm >.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
Popular events like the football world cup and other international sporting occasions are essential in easing international tensions and releasing patriotic emotions in a safe way. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? In present days,more and more countries are putting big sporting events into national agenda due to a sporting explosion and their increasingly attentions towards multinational sports occupations. Meantime,issues are highly debated on whether such international sporting activities can ease the intensive atmospheres between competitive countries or not. Personally, I really appreciate the former idea for several reasons. In general,popular sporting events contribute to harmonious relationships between the participated nations. To start with,communications between nations during the games enable them to be closer to others. Participation in the events promotes the development of friendshios and recongnition,which are acquired by sharing the exciting moments and cooperating with each other. Moreover,every joining country is likely to concentrate on the game during the competiton,which ,as a result,tend to pay less attention to deal with his enemies in the fields of politics or economy. It is true that countries can afford no distraction to pose threats to the security of other countries during the game. Admittedly,sporting events may not function well to shoulder the responsibility for eliminating the contradiction between countries. The reason for this is that such events can make competitions even more intensive than before,provided that one country win another,which is coincidently its enemy. Obviously,the situation tends to be counterproductive,let alone the expectation of an improvement. Even so,it is unusual that such sort of thing happens frequently,as the game launched internationly is seen as a profile of promoting team spirit and paticipation. In summary,I would concede that the sporting events cause worse problems in some cases. Despite that,they play pivotal roles in cooling strained emotions safely. Overall,I am convinced that more and more countries should join in the events.
Friday, November 8, 2019
French Expressions Using Trouver The French verb trouver literally means to find and is also used in many idiomatic expressions. Learn how to meet ones match, find ones way, be lost for words, and more with this list of expressions with trouver. Possible Meanings of Trouver to findto come acrossto come up withto imagine Expressions with Trouver trouver boireto find something to drinktrouver se distraireto find a way to amuse oneselftrouver faireto find something to do, to manage to do somethingtrouver mangerto find something to eattrouver soccuperto find a way to keep busytrouver qui parlerto meet ones match, get more than one bargained fortrouver redire quelque choseto find fault with, criticize, have a complaint about somethingtrouver bien faireto be bound to do somethingtrouver bon de faireto see fit to do somethingtrouver le bonheurto find happinesstrouver bonne mine quelquunto think someone looks welltrouver le cheminto find ones waytrouver une consolation dans quelque choseto find consolation in somethingtrouver le courageto find the couragetrouver des difficultÃ ©sto come up against difficultiestrouver lÃ ©nergieto find the energytrouver grÃ ¢ce auprÃ ¨s de quelquunto find favor with someonetrouver grÃ ¢ce aux yeux de quelquunto find favor with someonetrouver une idÃ ©eto hit on an ideatrouver la mort to meet ones deathtrouver le moyen de faireto find some way of doing, to manage to dotrouver plaisir faire quelque choseto take pleasure in doing somethingtrouver plaisir quelque choseto take pleasure in somethingtrouver un planto hit on a plantrouver preneurto find a buyer, takertrouver queto think, believe thattrouver quelque chose son goÃ »tto find something to ones likingtrouver quelque chose en quelquunto find something in someonetrouver quelque chose mauvais (informal)to not like something at alltrouver quelque chose trop adjto find something too adjtrouver quelquun adjto find someone adj, to think someone looks adjtrouver sa voieto find oneself, find ones life pathtrouver le sommeilto get to sleeptrouver son bonheurto find what one is looking fortrouver son maÃ ®treto find ones mastertrouver le tempsto find the timetrouver le temps longto find that time passes slowlyaller trouver quelquunto go see someonene pas trouver ses motsto be at a loss for wordsvenir trouver quelquunto come and see someoney trouver son compteto get something out of itComment las-tu trouvÃ ©(e)Ã ? What do you think of him (her)?Jai trouvÃ ©Ã !Ive got it!OÃ ¹ est-il allÃ © trouver Ã §aÃ ?Where did he get that idea from? Whatever gave him that idea?Quest-ce que tu lui trouvesÃ ?What do you seen in him?Tu le (la) trouves sympaÃ ?Do you like him (her)? Do you think (s)hes nice?Tu trouvesÃ ?Do you think so?Tu trouves Ã §a normalÃ ?Do you think thats right?bien trouvÃ ©well-spoken, cleverune formule bien trouvÃ ©eclever phrasetout trouvÃ ©ready-made, obviousune excuse toute trouvÃ ©eready-made excuseune explication toute trouvÃ ©eobvious explanationune solution toute trouvÃ ©eready-made solutionun sujet tout trouvÃ ©obvious topic Possible Meanings of Se Trouver to beto be foundto be situatedto feelto find oneselfto think/consider oneself adj Expressions with Se Trouver se trouver avoirto happen to havese trouver biento feel well, comfortable, happyse trouver bien davoir fait quelque choseto be glad to have done somethingse trouver daccordto happen to agreese trouver dans limpossibilitÃ © de faireto find oneself unable to do, to not be in a position to dose trouver dans lobligation de faireto find oneself compelled to do, to have to dose trouver dans une situation dÃ ©licateto find oneself in a delicate situationse trouver Ã ªtreto happen to bese trouver malto pass out, faintse trouver mal davoir fait quelque choseto regret having done somethingse trouver mieuxto feel betterÃâ¡a ne se trouve pas sous le pas/sabot dun cheval. Thats not easy to find, not easy to come by.Ãâ¡a se trouve facilement.You can find that anywhere.Il sen est mal trouvÃ ©.He lived to regret it.Je me suis trouvÃ © finÃ !I looked like an idiot!OÃ ¹ se trouve ...Ã ?Where is ...Ã ?Il se trouve... (impersonal)There is/are...Il se trouve que...It happens to be..., As it happens...si Ã §a se trouve (informal)maybe, its possibleTrouver conjugations
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Epistemology and Metaphysics Schools Paper Essays Epistemology and Metaphysics Schools Paper Essay Epistemology and Metaphysics Schools Paper Essay The nature of incredulity in real-life today. on a day-to-day footing goes largely unnoticed. Peoples react to environments of incredulity otherwise and could go colored upon the topic discussed. Harmonizing to Encyclopedia Britannica ( 2011 ) . skepticism is defined as 1: an attitude of uncertainty or a temperament to disbelief either in general or toward a peculiar object 2 a: the philosophy that true cognition or cognition in a peculiar country is unsure B: the method of suspended judgement. systematic uncertainty. or unfavorable judgment feature of skeptics ( Dictionary. parity. 1 ) . Peoples are inclined to accept thoughts in society today without oppugning what is really being presented. It is really of import to inquiry or believe critically when confronted with authorization because the issue at manus may non ever be right. Imagine if Philosophers. such as Copernicus did non speculate that the Earth is non the centre of the existence. We would still be populating with assorted points of positions on the topic. Peoples should non accept thoughts of others without oppugning the thoughts foremost. Unfortunately. we do this mundane unconsciously. At work our supervisors make petitions to execute certain undertakings. which most of the clip we do non oppugn the result. We take for granted that our supervisor knows what he or she is making because of the important figure that he or she plays. Incredulity could hold rather an impact on the manner employees execute his or her occupation. In the work environment employees normally take for granted that the foreman knows best. and depending on the state of affairs might non oppugn the ground for his or her place on the procedure. For case. when a supervisor implements a new occupation and informs his or her employees on the due day of the month without inquiring for input. it is with sensible uncertainty that one would be disbelieving. The employees could hold questioned the bossÃ¢â¬â¢s procedure such as whether he or she maintained good judgement on the way that he or she takes on-the-job. Questions could besides be raised in respect to the types of effects employees will hold if the occupation is non performed good. Employees could be disbelieving of the occupation and inquire if it is in the best involvement of the company. particularly if the supervisor did non hold input from the employees prior to the start of the occupation. Employees typically go disbelieving and doubt the authorization figures of most foremans. Incredulity besides plays a function in our schooling. We normally take the instructors function and the information presented to us to be right even though the information could be wrong. Our society has come to swear what others have told us to believe in and our heads have been trained to believe the information to be right. Everyone should be valued for his or her ain sentiment and healthy incredulity in real-life environments. Mentions Encyclopedia Britannica. ( 2011 ) . Encyclopedia-Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. britannica. com. ezproxy. apollolibrary. com/bps/dictionary? query=skepticism A ; header_go= .
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Buyer Behaviour - Essay Example By analysing the factors that lead to decision making it is then possible to pre-empt the choices that people make in purchasing products or services. This information is vital for successful marketing. The study is confined to three respondents and to three theories of consumer decision making namely: motivation, values and self/self-identity. The three respondents were interviewed and then asked to complete an evaluation form where they ranked several holiday destinations based on a particular set of criteria. The theories used enable analysis of reasoning, Respondent 1 is a 45-year-old female executive at a pharmaceutical company. She is married to an orthopaedic surgeon and has two children aged 12 and 15. Her job allows her to take two months of the year off, which coincides with school holidays. She enjoys spending time with her children and husband and because of her very demanding work-parenting schedule holidays are an essential part of her life (see Appendix A). Respondent 2 is a 25-year old female. She is unmarried and works as a PR account manager. She does not have any children but has a boyfriend who is working in Japan. They try to see each other at least four times a year. The rest of her family lives in Brazil - her country of origin. Annually, she receives 24 days of leave and often has to supplement with unpaid leave (see Appendix B). Respondent 3 is a 34 year old male computer engineer. He is married but does not have any children. His wife does not work, meaning they only live on his income. Currently, they are savin g to purchase a house. Each year he receives 15 days of leave which is primarily spent vacationing (see Appendix C). 2.2 Rankings Six holiday option sets were given namely: domestic vs. international, backpacking vs. luxury, snow vs. tropical, adventure vs. relaxing, historic vs. contemporary, shopping vs. culinary. Respondents had to rank (6 was very important while 1 was least important) the following factors: cost constraints, time constraints, change in weather, family constraints, adventure and relaxation. Cost
Friday, November 1, 2019
Australian contract law problem question - Case Study Example The offer may be oral, written or implied from conduct. Offers are of two kinds: a specific offer is made to a specific offeree. No one else can accept it. 'If you propose to make a contract with A, then B cannot substitute himself for A without your consent and to your disadvantage, securing to himself all the benefit of the contract': see Pollock, CB, Boulton v Jones (1857)1. A general offer can be accepted by anyone, and usually without prior notification of acceptance: Carlill v Carbolic Smoke ball Co. (1893)2. It was found in Carlil that there was: 'an offer made to all the world'; 'to ripen into a contract with anybody who comes forward and performs the condition'; and that 'as notification of acceptance is required for the benefit of the person who makes the offer, the person who makes the offer may dispense with notice to himself if he thinks it desirable to do so.' In the given situation, Elaine's statement 'I will give that bike to anyone who can fix my neck', was clearly a general offer. However, neither it was shown that Kramer has validly communicated his acceptance to Elaine nor it was shown that the latter has dispensed with the notice of acceptance. Clearly, there was no valid and enforceable contract between Elaine and Kramer considering that there was no agreement between the parties. However, it can be argued that acceptance may be done by positive conduct of the offeree as long as the acceptance must be active and that there must be some positive act by the offeree: Felthouse v Bindley (1862)3. Hence, Kramer may argue that by massaging Elaine, he has communicated his acceptance by positive conduct to Elaine. Furthermore, a valid offer has certain characteristics: certainty (a promise to pay an extra 15 or 10 buy another horse if a horse 'proves lucky to me' is too vague to amount loan offer: Guthing v Lynn )4 and communication (an offer must be communicated to the offeree before it can be accepted.) Thus, if a seaman helps to navigate a ship home without informing the owners in advance, he cannot insist on payment, since the owners have not had notice of his offer, and, therefore, no opportunity to accept or reject it: Taylor v Laird (1856)5. Thus, in the given situation, the promise 'I will give that bike to anyone who can fix my neck' lacks the requirement of certainty. Such promise is similarly too vague as the promise to pay an extra 15 or 10 buy another horse if a horse 'proves lucky to me' to amount to a loan offer: Guthing v Lynn ) In several cases, it has been ruled that preliminary statement may not amount to an offer. An invitation to treat which is a statement that is intended to elicit an offer from someone else has been ruled to have no legal force as the offer it elicits can be accepted or not without obligation: Gibson v Manchester City Council (1979).6 Moreover, a statement of the price at which one is prepared to consider a selling a piece of land or any communication of information in the course of negotiations is a mere preliminary statement which were held not to be an offer. In the given situation, it can be argued that Elaine's statement was a mere preliminary statement which does not constitute a valid offer. Moreover, another requirement in the creation of a valid and enforceable contract is an intention to create legal relations. In an agreement between friends in a domestic arrangements, there is a presumption